First Peoples on the Point

90 min.60 people max.
First Peoples on the Point

Long before Montréal was founded, First Peoples camped for centuries on the point where the Little Saint-Pierre River met the St. Lawrence River – right where Pointe-à-Callière stands today. What cultural family did they belong to? Were they nomads or more sedentary? What were they doing on the point? It’s up to you and your students to find out!

Fragments and objects unearthed during archaeological digs on the site offer a number of clues.

Follow the traces left by First Peoples on the Pointe à Callière site and learn more about the diversity of Native cultures.

What will the students do during the workshop?

  • Examine authentic objects and documents showing how First People history extends back thousands of years.
  • Soak up the atmosphere of the 17th-century fur fair, when First Peoples and Europeans met to trade.
  • Compare lifestyles of the different First Nations and see how they related to their territory.
  • Relive the excitement of the signing of the Great Peace of Montréal by First Peoples and the French in 1701, and all the solemnity of the event.

Concepts covered during the workshop

Nomadic and sedentary lifestyles of First Peoples around 1350 and relations between First Nations and Europeans in New France.

  • Location: Montréal
  • Demographic realities: indigenous and European presence in Montréal, indigenous territory
  • Cultural realities: languages, diet, clothing, techniques and tools
  • Economic realities: hunting, fishing, gathering, agriculture, bartering, modes of transportation, communication channels
  • Political reality: the role of women

Competencies developed

The activities in this workshop are in line with the aims of the Quebec and Ontario education programs and help develop the following subject-specific competencies:

In Quebec

Geography, History, and Citizenship Education

Societies studied: Iroquoians, Algonquians around 1350 and around 1701

  • Perceive the organization of a society in its territory:

    • Situate the society and its territory in space and time;
    • Make connections between characteristics of the society and the organization of its territory;
    • Define the influence of people or events on social and territorial organization.

  • Interpret change in a society and its territory:

    • Locate a society and its territory in space and at two points in time;
    • Recognize the main changes in the organization of a society and its territory.

  • Explore the diversity of societies and their territory:

    • Find the similarities and differences between societies and between territories.

The interpreter-guide will go into greater depth with secondary students concerning the social organization of the First Nations and contacts with Europeans.

Geography

Native territory (Cycle 1)

  • Understand the organization of a territory:
    • Grasp the meaning of human actions with regard to the territory.

History and Citizenship Education

European expansion in America: Native populations (Cycle 1)
The first occupants; the emergence of a society in New France (Cycle 2)

  • Examine social phenomena in a historical perspective:
    • Explore social phenomena of the past;
    • Consider social phenomena in terms of duration
    • Assess the complexity of social phenomena.

In Ontario

Social Studies

  • Heritage and identity: early societies (the Natives)
    • Describe the social and political organization and lifestyle of an early society: the Natives.

Social Studies

  • Heritage and identity: the beginnings of Canada (Native communities and Europeans, cultural heritage)
    • Describe the main characteristics of various Native peoples, the nature of relationships between various Native peoples who lived in the St. Lawrence Valley and along the shores of the Great Lakes before the arrival of the first Europeans.
    • Explore the relationships between Native communities and European explorers and colonizers.

Social Studies

  • Heritage and identity: the Canadian experience, yesterday and today (development of communities in Canada: First Nations, the French)
    • Analyze the physical, social, and cultural characteristics of Native communities.

The interpreter-guide will go into greater depth with secondary students concerning the social organization of the First Nations and contacts with Europeans.

Native Studies

Aboriginal Peoples in Canada

  • Identify significant events and issues that have had an impact on Aboriginal peoples and their communities (identity).
  • Demonstrate understanding of the continuity and change that characterized relationships formed between Aboriginal peoples and Canadian society.

The activities at the Museum look at these questions from a historical perspective, from the arrival of Natives in North America to the Great Peace of 1701.

Our experienced interpreter-guides can adapt the tour to students’ ages and interests, making this a rich and varied learning experience.

Information and reservations

Hours and rates of visits and group activities

September 2018 to April 2019
Tuesday to Friday, 10 am to 5 pm
+ Monday December 17, 2018

May-June 2019
Tuesday to Friday, 9:30 am to 5 pm
+ Mondays June 3, 10, and 17, 2019

Rates in effect as of September 1, 2018

Elementary Students$9.00
Secondary Students$10.00
Accompanying Adults (1 for 15 students)Free
Additional Accompanying Adult$14
3rd or additional adult$17
The Museum offers 30% off in January and February!
Role of accompanying adults

Divide the group into smaller sub-groups according to the number of groups specified on your reservation. The number of groups required corresponds to the number of accompanying adults required during the visit.

Follow the group at all times to maintain discipline and manage particular cases. The mediator or guide will lead the visit. Accompanying adults must stay with and supervise the group during lunch time.

One-day package

Add an interpreted tour and enjoy a full day at Pointe-à-Callière:

Elementary Students$17
Secondary Students$19
Visit the Museum as well as one of our partners : Guidatour (An activity at the Museum and an ExplorAction walking tour of Old Montreal - 514 844-4021 or 1 800 363-4021) and Croisières AML (An activity at the Museum and a Sailor for a day cruise or guided sightseeing cruise – 1 888 748-4857 ext. 225 or 335).
Saputo Lunch room

A lunch room is available for groups.
Reservations required.

Per student$1
Free if taking part in two activities during the day.

Access to the Museum

Consult instructions.
There is free bus parking on de la Commune Street, at the corner of Place Royale.

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